La catégorie de soins dentaires qui traitent les tissues qui supportent les dents s'appelle la parodontie. Il est essentiel de garder ces tissues en bonne santé si on veut vivre une vie saine, non seulement pour préserver nos dents, mais aussi pour notre santé générale. En effet, la gingivite et la parodontite sont parmi les maladies les plus communes dans la population et elles compromettent significativement notre santé buccale et générale.


Gingivitis is a chronic inflammation of the gum tissue. It is painless, but you can notice it if your gums are red and bleed while brushing. Several factors influence the development of gingivitis. The main factors are:

  • the types of bacteria in our mouth
  • the foods we eat
  • the state of our general health

Bacteria in our mouth directly influence the health of our gums. The type of bacteria is particularly important. In general, we will promote the types of bacteria compatible with health by eating healthy foods, such as legumes, vegetables, whole grains, seeds, nuts and mushrooms, and avoiding unhealthy foods such as sugar, syrup, oils, and other processed foods as well as meat, chicken, fish, eggs and dairy products.

Smoking and regular alcohol consumption also have an adverse effect on oral and general health.


If the gingivitis persists, it can progress, more or less rapidly and aggressively, and become periodontitis.

The tissues that support the teeth and keep them firmly attached to the jaws is called the periodontium.

It is essentially composed of four elements:

  • The bone that supports the root of the tooth
  • The ligament which binds the bone to the root through the cement
  • Cement, a thin layer of cells that anchors the ligament to the root
  • The gum which covers the bone and attaches to the neck of the tooth


Periodontics is the discipline of dentistry that deals with diseases that affect the tissues that surround and support teeth, such as the gum and underlying bone. The periodontium, the organ that supports the tooth, is made up of bone, the ligament that holds the root in the bone, the cementum, a thin layer of cells that hold the ligament on the root, the gums that cover everything and attach to the neck of the tooth.

The health of the periodontium depends on several factors. Without considering uncontrollable factors such as genetics, most of the controllable factors that affect periodontal health are:

  • Smoking
  • Nutrition
  • The control of bacteria through oral hygiene
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Taking certain medications


It goes without saying that cigarettes negatively affect gum health and we can help you quit smoking to ensure the success of your treatments and reduce the risks to your health. The harmful effects of cigarettes affect health throughout the body and have a direct and indirect effect on the health of the mouth. We know how difficult it can be to quit smoking. We suggest a well-planned and gradual strategy of counting the daily number of cigarettes you currently smoke, reducing that number by one cigarette per week. For example, if you smoke twenty cigarettes a day, take out nineteen for the day, and smoke only that number per day, for that week. A week later, take out eighteen every day for a week, and so on. You will get your body used to fewer and fewer cigarettes, and the physiological urge to smoke gradually subsides effortlessly.


Optimal nutrition, according to the American College of Lifestyle Medicine, is Whole Foods Plant-Based (WFPB) nutrition. Healthy nutrition is essential for the health of your gums. WFPB nutrition focuses on legumes, whole grains, vegetables, fruits, seeds, nuts, and mushrooms and will help keep your gums and whole body healthy. It also helps maintain an intestinal and oral microbiome compatible with optimal health. So, it is important to limit and even avoid foods of animal origin such as meat, chicken, fish, dairy products and eggs as well as processed products such as sugar, syrup, oils and white flour.

It will be our pleasure to guide you in your steps to eat healthy, all you have to do is ask. We can give you advice, refer you to experts in plant-based nutrition and give you scientific resources to help you.

In addition, it is important to mention that developing the habit of rinsing your mouth after every meal and snack is enormously beneficial in preventing oral health problems.

Control of bacteria

Proper oral hygiene is essential for oral health. Controlling bacteria by brushing daily, especially the spaces between teeth, will greatly reduce the risk of disease. Our gum care program carefully guides you, to help you in your daily life, by showing you simple, easy and effective tools and techniques to control bacteria and keep your gums healthy with minimal intervention from our part.

Alcohol consumption

Due to toxic effects on the liver, bones, immune system, and digestion, alcohol can interfere with the mechanism of the inflammatory response in periodontal disease. Studies in humans have shown that alcohol consumption is associated with an increased severity of periodontal disease. So avoid or reduce consumption of alcohol as much as possible, in order to avoid gum disease and other heallth problems.

Certain medications

Side effects of medications vary widely and are often unpredictable and can negatively affect the health of teeth and gums. Many medicines reduce the production of saliva, others will cause gum hyperplasia (growth of tissue in the gum). It is essential to remain vigilant when taking medication, to maintain adequate oral hygiene and keep improving your habits by applying healthy lifestyle principles mentioned in the section “The six pillars of health”.

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The team at dental office D is always happy to accept new patients and welcome you to our family!

Opening hours

Mon – Thur 8.30 – 18.00

Sat – Sun closed


Dr. El-Samra and the team at D Dental Office are pleased to offer you advice related to your oral health. It is our mission to help you maintain a healthy smile.